But there is a general consensus.”. Couper, the creator of the Madison Method, said, “It’s this whole attitude of, ‘We keep order because we kick ass, and it’s us against them.’ (...) We've got to root those people out and say, ‘Look, this is the job that we expect. Protesters and police have been hurt. Still, if researchers know it’s not a good idea for police to use force against protests and demonstrations, and that information has been available for decades, why do we still see situations like this happening all over the country? in The Marshall Project. The Marshall project In many cities, police officers are more likely to be white than the citizens they are sworn to protect and serve. We first talk with Eli Hager, staff writer for … Reporting by Dana Brozost-Kelleher, Andrew Fan and Ellen Glover. Illustrations by Ross Sneddon, Nonprofit journalism about criminal justice, A nonprofit news organization covering the U.S. criminal justice system, We investigated how police use dogs as weapons. Researchers have spent 50 years studying the way crowds of protesters and crowds of police behave—and what happens when the two interact. That part is harder to answer. “But this feels emotional. On Thursday night, he returned to the same spot to watch the precinct burn. In fact, disproportionate police force is one of the things that can make a peaceful protest not so peaceful. For example, the Kerner Commission, which was formed in 1967 to specifically investigate urban riots, found that police action was pivotal in starting half of the 24 riots the commission studied in detail. Reporting by Challen Stephens and Ashley Remkus. Instead, it’s become normal in the U.S. for police departments to revert to tactics that amplify tensions and provoke protesters, Maguire said, including wearing intimidating tactical gear before its use would be warranted. “Trying to find folks at the last minute that you can put out there in soft clothes and talk to people, frankly and in my opinion, wouldn’t work that well,” Ginger said. In these records you will find the most recent and the most authoritative articles on the topics, people and events that are shaping the criminal justice conversation. Even when researchers get a good vantage point to observe protests in the real world—for example, by embedding within a crowd—the data that comes out is more descriptive and narrative as opposed to quantitative. Here’s how, Police departments love to show off their dogs—. The Parker Creek Project is essential for the city as it fulfills two of the Mobilize Marshall goals, providing infrastructure benefits and enhance the appearance of the city. “But we make the argument that [de-escalation] makes officers more safe, by reducing violent confrontations with protesters. When protesters violated the negotiated terms, police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets and took away the wrong lessons, Maguire said. The social and political context of the time and place also affect what happens. Former law-enforcement officials also said good policing of demonstrations isn’t as simple as just showing up with an approachable demeanor. Though these protests began with peaceful demonstrations outside the city’s 3rd Precinct, interactions between police and protesters had escalated. He said from his point of view, methods like the Madison model make crowds “go ballistic.” He said he was speaking generally, and that he does not advocate a harsh police approach to the ongoing demonstrations. And he attacked five innocent victims. Either way, the messages are delivered in a calm, measured voice. “Do we know [this] in the way that you know if you put two chemicals together things explode?” said John Noakes, professor of sociology, anthropology and criminal justice at Arcadia University. Hidden in Bill Passed Over Trump’s Veto: Limits on Police Militarization themarshallproject.org - Eli Hager. It was published in partnership with The Marshall Project, a … But if we know that (and have known that for decades), why are police still doing it? Officers in riot gear at a demonstration on May 30 to call for justice for George Floyd, a black man who died while in custody of the Minneapolis police, in Minneapolis, Minn. often deadly policing of African Americans, the way crowds of protesters and crowds of police behave—and what happens when the two interact, three federal commissions formed between 1967 and 1970, the World Trade Organization protests in Seattle in 1999, one key element is transparent communication, it can still take 20 years for the new technique to be widely adopted, tasers to force two college students out of their vehicle. Others, like many of the events across America this past week, are spontaneous outpourings of grief and anger. Does anyone know how to stop it from happening? At one point, in the 1980s and 1990s, many police departments in the U.S. did try different strategies, Noakes and Maguire said. It was a collaboration between two American, non-profit news organizations, The Marshall Project and ProPublica.The article was written by Ken Armstrong and T. Christian Miller. Our investigation found at least 32 cases since 2010 in which police officers delayed or failed to offer emergency first aid to people who subsequently died from their injuries. ProPublica and The Marshall Project hosted a Digg Dialog with retired San Diego Police Sgt. Design and development by Elan Kiderman, Katie Park and Gabe Isman. We need to be smarter and overwhelm them to nip these things in the bud,” he said. Reporting by Abbie VanSickle, Maurice Chammah, Michelle Pitcher, Damini Sharma, Andrew Calderon and David Eads. MINNEAPOLIS — Last Wednesday, Marcell Harris was hit by a rubber bullet. Escalating force by police leads to more violence, not less. Thomson encountered this when he tried to make change in Camden. On Saturday the city’s chief Erika Shields earned plaudits for meeting face to face with protesters, empathizing with their grief and fear, and even reprimanding some of her own officers: “I’m standing here because what I saw was my people face to face with this crowd and everyone is thinking, ‘How can we use force to diffuse it,’ and I'm not having that.” But mere hours later, her department was trending on social media again—this time because officers had used tasers to force two college students out of their vehicle, even though they did not appear to be posing any threat. Maguire compared it to trying to change hospital procedures by using evidence-based medicine. “When you have overly aggressive crowds you have to address them,” said Anthony Batts, who led departments in Long Beach and Oakland, California, as well as Baltimore. The Berlin police employs people specifically to make announcements in these situations, using different speakers, with local accents or different languages, for things like information about what police are doing, and another speaker for commands. There’s 50 years of research on violence at protests, dating back to the three federal commissions formed between 1967 and 1970. We obtained dog-bite data from police departments around the country, including the agencies in the 20 largest U.S. cities. Communication is also a cornerstone of what police know as “the Madison Model,” created by former Madison, Wisconsin, chief of police David Couper. And already police unions across America are pushing back hard on new legislation that promises reform. Nonprofit journalism about criminal justice, A nonprofit news organization covering the U.S. criminal justice system, This article was published in partnership with. One thing they will tell you is that when the police respond by escalating force—wearing riot gear from the start, or using tear gas on protesters—it doesn’t work. And different police tactics.” In Baltimore on Saturday, for example, a police lieutenant mollified a crowd by reading out loud the names of victims of police brutality, while protesters outside City Hall threw bottles at police in riot gear and police used tear gas on the crowd, WBFF-TV reported. By The Marshall Project News December 21 The National Guard Is Using Force on Prisoners After Little Training Ohio guard members patrolling inside prisons trained for a fraction of the 5 weeks required of correction officers. “You’ve got to till the soil before you can grow the beans.”. Batts was police commissioner during the violent clashes between police and protesters that followed the 2015 death of Freddie Gray in Baltimore police custody. The “negotiated management” model of protest policing called for officers to meet with protesters in advance to plan events together to specify the times, locations and activities that would happen, even when that included mass arrests. His work on the streets was another matter: He was trained to hunt down humans. This story is part of the series "Mauled" about the damage police dogs inflict on Americans. Maguire does training for police officers and has tried, for years, to get buy-in on the idea that there could be a different way. De-escalation strategies definitely exist. Police departments are rapidly changing how they conduct interrogations, according to a Marshall Project survey of police chiefs and investigators across the nation. Lynsey Weatherspoon for The Marshall Project The city’s new mayor, Keisha Lance Bottoms, asked to see the officer’s body camera footage, and learned Kim—as a deputized federal agent—had no recordings. Two passersby and a state trooper hold him to the ground. Since 2014, The Marshall Project has been curating some of the best criminal justice reporting from around the web. Police departments love to show off their dogs—at parades or on Twitter, visiting classrooms or posing with a Girl Scout troop. Interactions between police and protesters are, by their very nature, tough to study. She found that one key element is transparent communication—something Nassauer said helps increase trust and diffuse potentially tense moments. Turns out, we do know some of these answers. New York, 2020 (accessed December 29, 2020). Even if the evidence is, “don’t perform this surgery in that way or someone could die,” it can still take 20 years for the new technique to be widely adopted. There has been a lot of hard the past few days, as people in dozens of cities have released pent-up anger against discriminatory police tactics. If you can't buy into it. “That's the primal response,” he said. Joanne Archambault, who leads the nonprofit End … De-escalation, of course, does not guarantee that a protest will remain peaceful, and when protests take an unpredictable turn, it can be challenging for police to estimate the appropriate level of force. A series on the damage police dogs inflict on Americans, published in collaboration with AL.com, IndyStar and the Invisible Institute. And if you are unfortunate enough to get bitten by a police dog, good luck holding anyone accountable. In a year-long investigation, we talked to the people who train the dogs, the police officers who use them, and the victims who have been mauled by them. The disconnect between rank and file and executive leadership—commonly cited as an impediment to policing reform—also seems to get in the way of improving policing of protests. All but hidden in the military spending bill that Congress enacted in its first override of a Trump veto is a new restriction on police … "An Unbelievable Story of Rape" is a 2015 article about a series of rapes in the American states of Washington and Colorado that occurred between 2008 and 2011, and the subsequent police investigations. According to documents provided to The Marshall Project by Albuquerque police, of the 35 fatal shootings by police between January 2010 and April 2014, 11, … With no police presence to be seen, he and other protesters were celebrating a victory. His strategy for dealing with protesters was to send officers out to talk with demonstrators, engage, ask them why protests are made, listen to their concerns and, above all, empathize. But the era of negotiated management basically fell apart after the World Trade Organization protests in Seattle in 1999, when protesters blocked streets, broke windows and successfully shut down the WTO meeting and stalled trade talks. The Marshall Project … Video editing by Celina Fang and Jovelle Tamayo. “You have lots of mini protests happening in many places,” said Edward Maguire, a professor of criminology and criminal justice at Arizona State University. Was this preventable? Former Madison Police Chief David Couper in his office with posters of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi, in Wisconsin. Watching a peaceful protest turn into something much less palatable is hard. “What we’ve been going through,” he said, referring to heavy-handed and often deadly policing of African Americans. Reached by text, Batts said that certain events, like fires and police retreats, “inspire” crowds. Huntington, WV – Marshall University is moving on from head football coach Doc Holliday after 11 seasons. That, experts say, speaks to a cultural attitude that is endemic to the profession, and is hard to change with new chiefs or rules. Some kinds of protests are highly organized with top-down plans that are months in the making. As the Justice Department pushes reform, some push back. They bite and maim. Lartey is a staff writer for The Marshall Project, a nonprofit news organization that covers the U.S. criminal justice system. Dogs have served as instruments of violence in incidents dating back to the days of slavery, and as recently as the Black Lives Matter protests. We watched dozens of videos of dog bites, from police body cameras and bystanders’ cell phones. Experts say the following decades of research have turned up similar findings. They attack bystanders, police officers, and people suspected of petty crimes. You just have to find another job.’”. “The time to make friends isn’t when you need them,” Thomson said. But what we need to know as professionals is that there are times, if we go one step higher, we are forcing them to go one step higher.”. “All the bullshit.”. Obi the police dog had thousands of Instagram followers for being "cute and derpy." “I’m nonviolent,” he said. It recommended that police eliminate “abrasive policing tactics” and that cities establish fair ways to address complaints against police. Some not. The cops responsible for Taylor’s death in Louisville, Kentucky, last March were not wearing body cameras so there is no visual record of what happened. The Problems With Policing the Police. Even a single protest isn’t really a single protest. It feels like the beginning of the end.” The end of what? Of course, as Gillham pointed out, negotiating and managing a protest can’t really work if the protest wasn’t organized ahead of time. But police dogs are weapons. 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