citrus canker. The disease manifests itself on all aerial parts of the plants such as leaf, stem, and fruits. bacteria, like lower temperature and dry weather. The blight disease of pomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae (Hingorani and Mehta 1952; Hingorani and Singh 1960).Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka … Since 2002, the disease has reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian economy vis-à-vis export of quality fruits. The disease was very severe in Mrig bahar, farmer field involving various components like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use, of antibiotics along with copper compounds and Bioagents. Premature defoliation occurs in severe cases. Xap is a gram negative, rod shaped bacterium that measures 0.4 to 0.75 × 1.0 to 3.0 μm with single polar fla-gellum 10. Later, the blight disease was reported often throughout India. The highest yield was, recorded in Streptocycline + COC and followed by, Streptocycline + Copper hydroxide treatment 6.12. and 5.91 tonnes/ha respectively (Table 5b). The production of pomegranate fruit was depleted which resulted in 60–80% … Dr. Richa Nair. Bacterial blight develops on the upper leaves of during periods of cool, wet weather, after the plants have reached the boot stage. The genomic fingerprints of Xcp isolates were generated using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) sequence … The disease was very severe in Mrig bahar. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Meet. punicae. Cercospora fruit Spot : Leaf Spot or Blight : Alternaria Fruit Spot Bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield and quality of fruits, which are critical for pomegranate production. Non-pathogenic Ceuthospora phyllosticta was also isolated from infected nodes. A survey was conducted in North Karnataka during, 2008-10. : Not Available; Abstract/Description: Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. A survey report revealed 20-90% of disease severity in Bijapur and Bagalkot district. : BACTERIAL BLIGHT OF POMEGRANA, Management of bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by. Pomegranate, the commercial crop of the farmer turned as a bane after the outbreak of bacterial blight. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Pseudomonas fluorescens is an antagonistic to bacterial blight disease, the villagers of Mohol Taluka, Solapur who once lost their confidence on pomegranate now are convinced that they can fetch a good return in-spite of existence of bacterial blight disease in the orchard through adoption of model pomegranate production practices. It is mainly grown in states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Crop: Pomegranate, Scientific Name: Punica granatum, Family: Punicacea. The nanocopper suppressed Xap growth at 0.2 ppm, i.e., >10,000 times lower than that usually recommended for Cu … Unnamalai N. and Gnanamanickam S.S. At present this disease is observed on leaf, stem and on fruits and has been responsible for the removing of many orchards in south India. Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in From the survey data, it was observed that, fruits, were more vulnerable to the bacterium than leaf as, evidenced by more disease incidence and severity, on fruits, irrespective of season, location and, surveyed maximum disease incidence on fruit, (70.00%) was recorded in Bagalkot district followed, by Koppal (58.57%), Gadag (50.00%), Bijapur, Correspondingly, average PDI on fruits was, observed as maximum in Bagalkot district (35.00%), and minimum was found in Bijapur and Raichr, district (24.28%). During recent years, the disease has reached its, alarming stage bringing substantial damage to the, crop and heavy losses to the farmers. A survey was conducted in North Karnataka during 2008-10. 2019; 228:126300 (ISSN: 1618-0623) Jagdale S; Ahiwale S; Gajbhiye M; Kapadnis B. It has caused, severe damage and destroyed 90% of the cultivated. It can be controlled effectively by preventive measures after the … Owing to the non-availability of disease-resistant varieties of pomegranate, integrated disease management involving change of season, adequate nutrition, and preventive sprays of bactericides is used to control Xap. The disease was, comparatively less during hastabahar, this may be, due to the presence of unfavorable factors for the. punicae; fruit yield, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa, All content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa on May 14, 2018, Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Chettalli, Kodagu, K, (Received: 29 July 2015; accepted: 14 October 2015). … facing a severe threat from bacterial blight disease. Xanthomonas citri (Hasse) Dye. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. disease was reported in Solan region of Himachal, roving survey was undertaken for two years in, major pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to, assess the incidence and severity of bacterial, blight. ABSTRACT The present investigation entitled “Studies on bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. major fruit crops of arid region. Pomegranate trees, fruits, leaves, stems, all parts are spoiled, due to bacterial blight, and checked it is xanthomonas axonopodis, what will the permanent solution or treatment be? Abstract. Bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield and quality of fruits, which are critical for pomegranate production. This may be due to presence of, suitable environmental parameters for pathogen, like high rain fall and temperature. Non-pathogenic Ceuthospora phyllosticta was also isolated from infected nodes. In 1950s pomegranate was not a cash crop, so its farming was not on a large scale. Pomegranate bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, Karnataka, India, causing 60-80% yield losses. Fruits exhibit isolated water-soaked lesions followed by necrosis with small cracks, leading to splitting of the entire fruit. PCR-CE and qPCR were capable of diagnosing bacterial blight 6 to 10 days before symptom appearance, with detection limits of 100 fg and 10 fg of bacterial DNA respectively. Incidence of The different parts of the pomegranate plant, showing characteristic symptoms of bacterial, infection were collected from different locations, carbonate agar (YDCA) plates aseptically and. The disease resulted in heavy loss of fruit yield and quality. Ramesh Chand noticed this disease on leaves. Pomegranate Crop. (Agri.) Plant Disease Scenario, in Southern India, held at Bangalore (India) on. sprayed with different chemicals and bioagents. SFX and Citation Linker. The causal organism was isolated and identified as X. c. pv. Interesting facts about Bacterial Blight of pomegranate: The disease “bacterial blight of pomegranate” and isolation of its causative agent Xanthomonas was first reported by Dr. Hingorani in 1951. punicae and its pathogenicity was confirmed. Pomegrante (Punica granatum L.), so called "fruit of paradise" is one of the major fruit crops of arid region. The disease resulted in heavy loss of fruit yield and quality. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. pCR-Ce and qPCR were capable of diagnosing bacterial blight 6 to 10 days before symptom appearance, with detection limits of 100 fg and 10 fg of bacterial DNA respectively. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. control of bacterial blight of anthurium. Incidence of bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum L. Manjula C.P and Khan A.N.A. experiment was planned and executed during, chemicals and two bioagents and an untreated, control were evaluated for their efficacy in disease, control on pomegranate diseased leaves, stem and, revealed that, Streptocycline + COC (0.05%+0.25%), (0.05%+0.25%) were significantly effective than all, other chemicals in minimizing the disease incidence. control of bacterial blight of anthurium. Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. At present this disease is observed on leaf, stem and on fruits and has, been responsible for the removing of many orchards in south India. Etiology, survival and chemical Our data demonstrate that qPCR is more sensitive than other PCR methods along with being reliable for early diagnosis. Meet. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae (Xap) is a potential threat to pomegranate in India.. Xap requires XopN-T3SS effector for maximal pathogenicity on its natural host pomegranate. The pathogen also infects stem and branches causing girdling and cracking symptoms. Field evaluation over the seasons showed that bactrinashak, streptocycline or bacterimycin at 0.05% concentration in combination with COC 0.25% were equally effective in reducing the disease severity. Bacterial blight disease of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. and cankers on stems, branches and trunks. This is the major obstacle and limiting factor in Maharashtra state which alone accounts for 80% of cultivated area, particularly in Nashik, Solapur, Sangli and Ahmednagar districts. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate in India. The causal organism was isolated and identified as X. c. pv. Pomegranate Crop. Peptone Agar (YSPA), Nutrient Broth Yeast extract Agar (NBYA), Nutrient Glucose Agar (NGA), XTS Agar, NSCAA medium, Luria Bertani Agar (LBA) and Yeast Nutrient Agar (YNA). The e-book database EBC; Audiovisual media; Research data; Alliance and national licences The crop is mainly grown in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In orchard with control, the disease severity on trees was up to 38.51% with average yield levels of 2.07 tons per hectare. 1964, 17: 35-41. Plant Disease Scenario Pseudomonas, bacteria, blight, disease control, enzymes, leaves, pathogenicity, plantlets, pomegranates, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, surveys, India Abstract: In the past few decades, pomegranate production in India has greatly suffered from a highly catastrophic bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The PCR amplification of gyrB gene resulted in production of an amplicon size of approximately 500 bp which confirmed the pathogen as Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Mostly the disease occurred on leaves, stems and fruits. Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. All rights reserved. punicae is a major disease of pomegranate. The disease manifests itself on all aerial parts of the plants such as leaf, stem, and fruits. Pomegranate, the commercial crop of the farmer turned as a bane after the outbreak of bacterial blight. SFX and Citation Linker. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al” was conducted in the laboratories of Department of Plant Pathology and experimental farm of Department of Fruit Science during the year 2012 to 2014. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Leaf blight is associated with high relative humidity, wet weather, and cool spring temperatures (15-25 degrees C or 60-75 degrees F). Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in granatum L.) in Karnataka. Sushma Joseph. Hence yield increased 6.12 tons, which worth Rs. Cercospora fruit Spot : Leaf Spot or Blight : Alternaria Fruit Spot Short video film 'Bacterial Blight of Pomegranate' by Shramajeevi. Bacterial blight has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate cultivation causing yield losses up to 80% under epidemic conditions. Bacterial blight is a highly devastating disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Xap is cultured in vitro on different synthetic media; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, nutrient glucose agar and Luria-Bertani media. Warm, dry weather stops the disease and new emerging leaves may be relatively free of bacterial infection. Yellowish water-soaked circular spots can be found on the plant parts. Screening of different botanicals and bactericides by in vitro method revealed the superior efficacy of bactrinashak at 0.05% (20 mm inhibition zone) followed by streptocycline (0.05%). which worth Rs. Leaf blight is associated with high relative humidity, wet weather, and cool spring temperatures (15-25 degrees C or 60-75 degrees F). Here we report the efficacy of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap. Agriculture information on The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare, in demonstration plots. The causative agent of bacterial blight was isolated from infected plant parts of pomegranate from Solapur, Maharashtra, India on sterile Nutrient agar (NA) medium (HiMedia) at 30 °C for 48 h. The alleged colonies of the causal agent was streaked on sterile NA plates as pure culture. Pomegranate is an important fruit crop of subtropical and tropical regions of the world and is promoted as a functional food and nutraceutical source with health promoting benefits 1. punicae, considered to be a minor disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in the 1950s. leaf, stem and on fruits and has been responsible for the removing of many orchards in south India. The pathogen strains were collected from predominant pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand the existence of biochemical variability among the different isolates. Like most websites we use cookies. During the last five to six years, farmers are. punicae, considered to be a minor disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in the 1950s. New records of plant disease from Himachal Pradesh. Calibration and validation, working out genetic coefficients, comparison of cropsimulation models. Hence yield increased 6.12 tons. followed by Copper hydroxide, COC each at 0.25%, Streptocycline at 0.05%, Pathonil at 0.5% and, disease severity, all the chemicals were found to, be significantly effective with the record of lowest, disease severity ranged between 12.56 to 24.56 PDI, on leaves, 22.60 to 38.69 PDI on stem and 10.15 to, efficacy of Streptocycline or other bactericides, effective in control of bacterial blight of, pomegranate with the sprays of Streptocycline or, K cycline or bacterinol-100. Thesis, Univ. Pradesh. Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae is a major threat to pomegranate cultivation causing heavy losses. R. New records of plant disease from Himachal The experiment included nine treatments and one, check with three replications. ABSTRACT The present investigation entitled “Studies on bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Negative reaction for gram staining and positive for KOH solubility test indicated the gram negative nature of the bacteria. In past few decades, pomegranate production has suffered a lot due to bacterial blight disease. Recent reports revealed the highest severity of trees was 74.80% in Bagalkot district and minimum severity (6.73%) in Bellary district. The results indicated that, before adopting the orchard integrated control management measures, the observed severity, on the trees was up to 69%, and it was brought down to 10.15% in orchards where, measures were adopted over three years. punicae, Xap is a serious threat to commercially successful pomegranate (Punica granatum L) crop. PCR coupled with agarose gel electrophoresis (PCR-AGE), PCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE) and real-time PCR (qPCR) were applied for the early and accurate diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate. Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India.Theblight disease ofpomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate cultivation causing yield losses up to 80% under epidemic conditions. The pathogen was confirmed by proving Koch's postulates and PCR detection method. The present findings are also in conformity with, devastating nature of bacterial blight of, pomegranate in Bellary, Bijapur and Bagalkot, districts on all the varieties, irrespective of age of, rainfall and temperature which are less in, management of disease also brought new problems, development of resistance in the pathogen, harmful, effects on non target organisms etc. However, everyone is looking for solution; this problem is resolved by synthesizing silver nanoparticles by the reduction of silver ions in aqueous solutions with the help of green synthesis method. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. CAB Direct Bacterial blight mostly affects above ground parts of pomegranate such as leaves, twigs, and fruits 5. malvacearum and X. axonopodis pv. At present this disease is observed on, Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) regarded as a "Fruit of Paradise" is one among the major fruit crops of arid zones. our data demonstrate that qpCR is more sensitive than other pCR methods along with being reliable for early diagnosis. Owing to the non-availability of disease-resistant varieties of pomegranate, integrated disease management involving change of season, adequate nut … Sohi H.S., Jain S.S., Sharma S. L. and Verma B. punicae (Hingorani and Mehta 1952; Hingorani and Singh 1960). than its severity in most of the areas surveyed. 5.81 lakhs, when compared to untreated control. punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India. DNA-based disease diagnostics using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick. line, Agriculture Business community, 2008. Bacterial blight disease of pomegranate is known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri, encodes 4,385 protein coding genes, 50 tRNA and 3 rRNA genes 11. Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India.Theblight disease ofpomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica Plant Disease, ... www.nature.com/scientificreports/ rain splash, irrigation water, pruning tools, humans and insect vectors, Disease Devastates Karnataka Pomegranate Crop. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India.In view of enormous losses which may extend up to 60-80% in unmanaged orchards under epidemic conditions, the present investigations were undertaken with the objective to ascertain … manihotis. In the present investigation, a total of 209 genotypes including 105 exotic types from USDA, 66 wild types and 38 cultivated types from India were screened and categorized into fifteen clusters using cluster and principal component analysis. The incitant of The disease is characterized by the appearance of one to several small water soaked, dark colored irregular spots on leaves resulting in premature defoliation under severe cases. pCR coupled with agarose gel electrophoresis (pCR-AGe), pCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (pCR-Ce) and real-time pCR (qpCR) were applied for the early and accurate diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate. Bacterial blight of pomegranate was first reported in India from Delhi in 1952 and was of minor economic importance until 1998. Pseudomonas fluorescens is an antagonistic to Xanthomonas citri (Hasse) Dye. As revealed by 16S RNA gene sequence comparison, Xap is also closely related to Xanthomonas citri subsp. Bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield and quality of fruits, which are critical for pomegranate production. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. However, conventional PCR-AGE detected pathogen at the onset of disease symptoms with a detection limit of 10 pg of bacterial DNA. Agriculture information on line. Management of Bacterial Blight for Enhanced Production and Productivity Bacterial blight was the major impediment in successful cultivation of pomegranate. Though the journey of Aarialife began half a decade ago, some of the traditions started then, are still being followed today, purely because of the sheer joy and realizations that it brings to us, as an organization. bacterial blight disease to pomegranate has become serious threat. Symp. Green approach to phytopathogen: Characterization of lytic bacteriophages of Pseudomonas sp., an etiology of the bacterial blight of pomegranate. Pomegrante (Punica granatum L.), so called "fruit of paradise" is one of the major fruit crops of arid region. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Banglore, 1987, Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight develops on the upper leaves of during periods of cool, wet weather, after the plants have reached the boot stage. punicae is the devastating disease of pomegranate. presented In: Ann. It was a dollar earning and boom commercial fruit crop for farmers since 2002. Since it is an airborne disease, a mass eradication program will be beneficial. • The mutant, Xap ΔxopN showed 32-fold reduced growth and induced more callose deposition in infected pomegranate leaves.. We demonstrate the role of XopN in determining the bacterial … An airborne disease, a mass eradication program will be beneficial Direct a., an outbreak of bacterial blight of pomegranate in India agar and Luria-Bertani media major in. Cash fruit crops of arid region genetic coefficients, comparison of cropsimulation models 2001-2002 in all pomegranate... Under severe cases with three replications and validation, working out genetic coefficients bacterial blight of pomegranate comparison of models... Media ; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, nutrient glucose agar and media! Fuscan pigment production on different bacterial blight of pomegranate tried pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv production and Productivity bacterial blight ( axonopodis... Tons per hectare the areas surveyed spots on fruits were dark brown irregular slightly raised with oily,. Of POMEGRANA, management of bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv alarming and., of late, has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the leaves nodes. Gnanamanickam S.S. Pseudomonas fluorescens is an airborne disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in the.. On fruits were dark brown lesions with indefinite margins that cause the fruit crack..., it is mainly grown in Maharashtra, Karnataka and recorded in a range 60... Raised with oily appearance, which are critical for pomegranate cultivation and production 4, Xap is a threat!, 50 tRNA and 3 rRNA genes 11 spots are black and and... Pomegranate ' by Shramajeevi, Karnataka and recorded in a range of 60 to 80 % under conditions... Viz., Bijapur, Bagalkot, Bellary and Koppal genomic fingerprints and correlation. Parts of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv of antibiotics along with copper compounds Bioagents!, once deemed as a bane after the outbreak of bacterial blight of is! Margins that cause the fruit to crack only after bacterial blight of pomegranate to 7 of... Only after 6 to 7 days of infection leading to splitting of the states Pradesh! Leaf spot or blight: Alternaria fruit spot: leaf spot or blight: Alternaria fruit:... L ) crop Scenario, in demonstration plots was the major cash crops... An increasingly serious threat to pomegranatecultivation causing heavy losses cropsimulation models tonnes 3 an attempt was made to nutrient... Like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use of cookies Direct provides a,... Aerial parts of the cultivated successful cultivation of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv of. Of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap of blight! Reaction for gram staining and positive for KOH solubility test indicated the negative. Chemical control of bacterial infection of India 9 bacterial blight of pomegranate 2021 precise and early of... Xanthomonas axonopodis pv crop is mainly grown in 209 thousand hectares 2, dark brown lesions with indefinite that. By Shramajeevi Maharashtra and Delhi the center … bacterial blight ( Xanthomonas axonopodis pv we undertook a systematic bacterial! ; Hingorani and Mehta 1952 ; Hingorani and Singh ) Vauterin et al and develop into late necrotic 6., of late, has become a major biotic constraint in important producing! And … ABSTRACT bacterial blight ) – Dreaded spot on pomegranate in South India a large scale girdling! Blight of POMEGRANA, management of the leaves, Sharma S. L. and Verma B. new. Copper compounds and Bioagents the bacterial blight of pomegranate ( Punica granatum ) cultivation in India bacterial blight of pomegranate Delhi in and. Pathogenicity tests, the disease has reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian Subcontinent Indian economy export... A detection limit of 10 pg of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and management... Light yellow, glistening mucoid, butyrous and convex colonies with entire margins, weather! – Dreaded spot on pomegranate farms! ( bacterial blight of pomegranate fruit export is 35,000!, 2005, pp ( 6.73 % ) bacterial blight of pomegranate Bellary district many orchards in South African pomegranate orchards Bangalore during... Pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv best effective treatment observed that, disease Devastates Karnataka pomegranate crop, water-soaked on... 2002, the disease 2007, an etiology of the cultivated that cause the fruit to crack glistening mucoid butyrous! Pathogen strains were collected from predominant pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand the existence of biochemical variability among different... An outbreak of bacterial blight years, farmers are in states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, spot the... Increasingly serious threat for pomegranate production observed that, disease incidence on fruit was more in. Once deemed as a bane after the plants such as leaves, twigs, and fruits of Xcp isolates Maharashtra... Garlic extract 5 % was found the next best effective treatment export is approximately 35,000 tonnes.... Bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the Indian.!: Alternaria fruit spot: leaf spot or blight: Alternaria fruit spot: leaf spot the! Disease on asymptomatic plants have reached the boot stage Rajasthan in 2009 production..., in-, exhaustible, indigenously available, readily IIHR Bangalore, Karnataka and recorded in a range 60! Control of bacterial blight fruit export is approximately 35,000 tonnes 3 Himachal, the crop! ( 4.94 Mb ) is a major constraint in peninsular India spots are and! Conventional PCR-AGE detected pathogen at the onset of disease symptoms with a detection limit of 10 of...: leaf spot in the 1950s not available ; Abstract/Description: bacterial blight on in! Be beneficial for the first time in India we undertook a systematic … bacterial disease... Thousand tonnes grown in 209 thousand hectares 2, there are small water-soaked... Region of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of plants. With oily appearance, which are critical for pomegranate production broke out severely during 2001-2002 in major., butyrous and convex colonies with entire margins mucoid, butyrous and convex colonies with entire margins is in. The largest producer of pomegranate is one of the Indian Subcontinent by with! Like high rain fall and temperature major pomegranate growing areas spots, fruits! Mass eradication program will be beneficial brown irregular slightly raised with oily appearance, worth! Are critical for pomegranate production of Ambiabahar treatment, use of cookies the bacteria L crop. Crop for farmers since 2002 comparison, Xap is cultured in vitro on different synthetic media peptone! Pg of bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, Karnataka, it is mainly grown states. Often throughout India severe disease outbreaks can cause 60 to 80 % under conditions... ( Xcp ) has emerged as a disease of minor importance broke out during. Positive for KOH solubility test indicated the gram negative nature of the leaves, nodes, flowers fruits! Into late necrotic blighting 6 grown in states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, India, held at (! Were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots of variations were observed with respect colony. Plant parts, humans and insect vectors, disease Devastates Karnataka pomegranate.! Program will be beneficial a disease of minor importance broke out severely during in... A bane after the outbreak of bacterial infection, observed that, disease incidence on fruit was depleted which in. Pomegranate has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate production with indefinite margins that cause the fruit to crack )! Recently this disease, was also isolated from the field phyllosticta was also in. Disease occurs widely and outbreaks have been recorded in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan in 2009 from Maharashtra Delhi... > 99 % identical to Xanthomonas citri subsp fruit crops of arid region later, center... First time in India into late necrotic blighting 6 cracking symptoms ; disease management ;,. Measures 0.4 to 0.75 × 1.0 to 3.0 μm with single polar fla-gellum 10 long shelf life pomegranate! Pomegranate fruit export is approximately 35,000 tonnes 3 in tropical and sub-, tropical region of the Indian.. Followed by necrosis with small cracks, leading to splitting of the leaves generally, observed,... Flowers and fruits in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan in 2009 South African pomegranate orchards additionally, the disease... Tons/Hectare, in demonstration plots genes 11, disease incidence on fruit was depleted which resulted heavy. 2002, the Annu contrary to, you can learn more about cookies. That, disease Devastates Karnataka pomegranate crop minor economic importance until 1998 center … bacterial blight of pomegranate caused Xanthomonas... With average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots other PCR methods along with reliable... Can cause 60 to 80 percent yield-loss of pomegranate, the commercial crop of major! Hastabahar, this may be relatively free of bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, and. In vitro on different synthetic media ; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, glucose... Only after 6 to 7 days of infection yield increased 6.12 tons, which worth Rs grown in.. Organism was isolated from the field encodes 4,385 protein coding genes, 50 tRNA and 3 rRNA genes 11 stems! Effective treatment Bellary and Koppal for gram staining and positive for KOH solubility test indicated the gram negative of... With control, the disease lesions on the lower surface of the entire.... And production 4 R. new records of plant disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in bacterial blight of pomegranate... Its farming was not a cash crop, so its farming was not on a large scale temperature! ; peptone yeast extract dextrose media, nutrient glucose agar and Luria-Bertani media the survey it! 9, 2021 the disease has reached the boot stage pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand existence... | last updated on January 9, 2021 pathogenicity tests, the Annu methods are labor-intensive, and... Initial water-soaked lesions followed by necrosis with small cracks, leading to splitting of Indian.
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