The younger otters are more vulnerable to predators who include but are not limited to coyotes, dogs, cougars, bears, and bobcats. But that isn't an issue for the talented sea otter, which cracks open the shells by … | Snow Leopard Diet, What Do Malayan Tigers Eat? It uses its lower incisor teeth to access the meat in shellfish. But they eat roughly 50 different kinds of ocean creatures, ranging from clams to mussels to worms. – Arctic Fox Predators, How Long Do Arctic Foxes Live? Sea otters are members of the weasel or mustelid family. Where Do Raccoons Go During the Day? Sea otters inhabit offshore waters and spend a lot of time in water while they usually dive up to 330 feet in search of bottom-dwelling species. There, the sea otter eats while floating on its back, using its forepaws to tear food apart and bring it to its mouth. Can They See In The Dark? – Sumatran Tiger Diet & Eating Habits, How Fast Can a Tiger Run? All in all, the sea otter preys on at least 100 different marine species. All otters are expert hunters that eat fish, crustaceans, and other critters. It’s a matter of survival. Sea otters have an ingenious method to open shellfish. The sea otter’s high metabolic rate helps them to stay warm – to fuel it each day, they have to eat 20-30% of their body weight in food! It prefers to eat invertebrates like crabs, snails, urchins, clams, abalone and mussels — for breakfast, lunch, dinner and between-meal snacks! The is a precise explanation of wild animals and how they adapt to their environment, for everyone, with all kinds of fascinating information presented in a readable format. The main diet of the otter is made up of fish and crustaceans. Floating there on its back, it uses its chest as a table. Its diet consists of crabs, lobsters, insects, frogs, and a wide array of fish species. This simply makes it safer for them to get food and give birth (sea otters are the only type of otter that deliver their babies in the water). When they are hungry for larger game, otters will … If you have any suggestion or comment or anything you want to share at all, feel free to reach out by emailing at: They also eat small mammals and birds. Raccoon Range and Raccoon Habitat, A Raccoon Out During the Day? The African clawless otter is carnivorous. Sea otters are very resourceful – a trait that helps them to survive. About 13 otter species have been described. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. In general, the diet of sea otters depends on their habitats and consists of 40 species of marine life. Sea otters are foragers that eat mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins and a variety of clams, mussels, and crabs. This tail serves to propel the otters through water. Otters are carnivorous. The sea urchins destroy these underwater kelp beds and so, if the sea otters do not prey on them, they would damage these ecosystems. They can spend up to five hours each day finding the food that they need in order to survive. A sea otter may hunt on the seafloor but always returns to the surface to eat. Like other members of this family, they have very thick fur. Sea otters can be found close to certain seas near Alaska, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and the country of Russia. Can otters use tools? River otters belong to the weasel family. Once they locate their prey, the giant river otters proceed to capture and consume them. Top 10 BEST Colleges For Nutrition and Dietetics, Best Colleges For Environmental Engineering, The 25 Most Notable Biology Discoveries of All Times. Once this otter identifies its potential victim, it captures it using its front feet and then brings it to the surface. Copyright © 1999-2021 BioExplorer.Net. *. Within these seas, they are usually found in the vicinity of the shore (which is typically rocky). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Where Do Raccoons Sleep? Reptiles : Similarities and Differences,, Plasma Membrane Functions, Composition, & Structures. They are often found to rest during the middle part of the day and begin again in the afternoon. Sea otters By: Rhiannon Martin, Mackenzie Gatton, and Dallas Haase 2. Otters have some interesting relatives. What do sea urchin eat is similar to what pencil sea urchin consumes. These are mostly distributed in almost every continent except for Australia and Antarctica. River otters eat mostly frogs, crabs, crayfish, fish and mollusks. A good portion of African clawless otter’s hunting is done under the water, particularly shallow water. If it finds a hard-shelled prey, the sea otter will hammer it against the rock. Otters are carnivores, which means they eat meat. This species is also considered to be the largest member of the Mustelid family, and this is because these mammals can grow to a length of 6 feet. All in all, the sea otter preys on at least 100 different marine species. Because they are not exposed to predators, and do not have to forage for prey, they are provided with environmental enrichment in their habitat to keep them entertained. They aren’t vegetarians—they typically eat the things that eat the actual kelp (sea urchins). Their toes are webbed, they have short legs and they boast a tapered tail ranging up to 15 inches long. Instead of blubber to keep them warm in the cold Pacific Ocean, these marine mammals have the densest fur of any animal—up to 1 million hairs per square inch. Sea Otter. Are Mice Dangerous? Captured prey is eaten at sea while the otter swims on its back. What Are The Building Blocks of Proteins? The absence of otters in their ecosystems would jeopardize the integrity of the watershed food webs and food chain. For instance, the river otters consume anything between. They use the rock as a table against which they smash their shelled prey to g… A female Otter can spend up to 8 … – White Tiger Lifespan, Where Do White Tigers Come From? Thus, the sea otter is one of the very few mammals to make an effective use of tools (t… It should be noted that the bodies of water than sea otters live near are generally less than 40 meters deep. – White Tiger Evolution, What Do African Elephants Eat? This species is well adapted to thrive in aquatic environments. Sea otters eat a wide variety of prey, including marine invertebrates such as echinoderms ( sea stars and sea urchins), crustaceans (e.g., crabs), cephalopods (e.g., squid), bivalves (clams, mussels, abalone), gastropods (snails), and chitons. What do Otters Eat? The African clawless otters are crepuscular, meaning they can be found active and foraging during dusk and dawn hours. Because Sea otters eat much of the same shellfish that humans do, so often they are in the same areas that fishermen are. As suggested by its name, the giant river otter is the largest otter species, and it is often referred to as the river wolf. Once prey is detected, they proceed to capture and consume it. These great hunters mainly dine on crustaceans (clams), amphibians, reptiles, fish, and critters (weasels). What Do Otters Eat? The sea urchin’s main predators are crabs, lobsters, starfish, eels, sea otters, birds, and a number of large fish. This mammal is mainly aquatic and will mostly be found residing next to perennial or seasonal rivers. Sea otters are usually dark brown, often with lighter guard ha… Otters eat from 15% to 25% of their body weight each day. 68 Different Types of Doctors & What They Do? They are great swimmers, and on land, they can run at speeds of 15 miles an hour. Are Mice Blind? River otters are smaller than their cousins, the sea otters. This section will sample out some of the different types of otters. Sea Otters typically eat amphibians, smaller fish, mollusks, mussels, snails, and smaller underwater creatures. Thus, the sea otter is one of the very few mammals to make an effective use of tools (the other mammals are primates) and perhaps the only aquatic mammal to pick up rocks and catch fish by means of its forepaws. This inc… In the animal kingdom, amphibians and reptiles are the most frequently interchanged; Here are the similarities & difference between amphibians and reptiles. Although sea otters used to be found in more southern parts of North America, they were almost completely wiped out, so there isn’t much there anymore. At night, sea otters may choose either to sleep on land or simply to rest afloat near beds of kelp. At night, only the mothers tend to forage for food provisions while others may resume searching for food in the middle of the night. For example, the river otters can display both nocturnal and diurnal tendencies, meaning they can be found eating during the day or at nightfall. The sea otters are the best-groomed animals at Shedd—and in the ocean. Sea otters dive to rocky reefs, where they collect invertebrates and also a large rock. When Do Raccoons Have Babies? The 13 otter species are members of the Mustelidae, or weasel, family and live in and out of water.For example, river otters reside along streams and waterways in freshwater areas within North America, and endangered sea otter inhabit the coasts along the Northern Pacific Ocean. Their fur is thick a… November 4, 2018 Kodiak Wildlife, Sea Otter Alaskan Sea Otters, Do sea otters eat fish, Kodiak Wildlife, Robin Barefield, Sea Mammals of Alaska, sea otter, What Do Sea Otters Eat admin As I told you last week, a sea otter burns calories at a rapid rate to help maintain its body temperature in its home in the cold North Pacific. The hunting strategy this otter uses is by submerging their heads in water to search for prey. Sea Otters 1. They prey on crustaceans by using pairs of rocks to crush the outer shells, easily accessing the soft flesh inside. Still hungry, the otter dives below the surface again. She eats small prey in the water, a large one – she takes it to the shore and eats it there. Otters (both sea and river otters) play a notable role in the animal food chain. What’s more, this unique pouch of skin can also carry a rock, which in turn, is used to pry open clams or shellfish thereby pulling out the meal from within. Sea otters live in a cold ocean environment and rely on two traits to keep warm: a dense fur coat for insulation and very high metabolism to generate body heat. What Do Sea Otters Eat? A minimal number of river otter predators exist in nature. Sea urchins are also sought after by humans as a delicacy in some areas of the world. Sea otter feeds on fish, shellfish and crustaceans. What do otters eat? Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). Without sea otters, sea urchins can overpopulate the sea floor and devour the kelp forests that provide cover and food for many other marine animals. They eat about 25% of their weight in food each day due to their accelerated metabolism. Hunting for the Eurasian otter is a specialized task that calls for the use of their highly sensitive whiskers. As prey, otters provide a great source of nutrients to animals that hunt them for food. River otters possess long, muscular bodies suited to their life on both land and in water. The giant river otters have also been noted to feed on small anacondas and caimans. Can Mice Climb Stairs and Walls? These carnivores eat a variety of seafood, such as fish, frogs, crayfish, crabs and mollusks. Their fur actually consists of two layers, an undercoat and longer guard hairs. In their role as predators, otters help regulate the local population of the organisms they consume. The giant river otters are excellent predators. Vancouver Aquarium’s resident otters eat a variety of seafood – all restaurant-grade and Ocean Wise recommended. Besides, they also prefer to eat crabs, large barnacles, mussels, snails, tubeworms, clams, squid, octopuses, chitons, scallops, sea cucumbers, sea stars and abalone. Sea otters eat a wide range of marine animals, including mussels, clams, urchins, abalone, crabs, snails and about 40 other marine species, equaling approximately 25 percent of their weight in food each day, according to Defenders of Wildlife. The activity of otters varies depending on different factors. They will probably be wrapped in kelp beds. They feed mainly on sea urchins, crabs, and various shellfish. – Lifespan, How Long Do Snow Leopards Live? What does a pencil sea urchin eat? 2015. Its. This can be explained by the fact that river otters are among the most energetic animals in their niches. However, most wild otters are carnivorous, with the sea otter being a tiny exception since it does include seaweed and kelp in its diet. Fish are also eaten. The daily intake of sea otters is equivalent to about 25 to 30 percent of their own body weight. Otters’ diets vary according to what season it is, where their habitat is situated, and even according to species. They are known to eat clams, mussels, crabs, octopus, sea urchins, snails, and fat innkeeper worms. All Rights Reserved. Sediment in parts of the bay is laced with methylmercury and polychlorinated biphenyls, toxic chemicals that accumulate in the clams, crabs and other animals that sea otters eat. This system traps a layer of air next to their skin so their skin does not get wet. Enhydra lutris. The Eurasian otter is found in abundance in the United Kingdom. In fact, at 850,000 to one million hairs per square inch, they have the thickest fur of any mammal. Sea otters eat sea urchins, abalone, mussels, clams, crabs, snails and other 40 marine species.